Hallux valgus, or foot bunions, are a widespread foot condition that affects millions of individuals worldwide. The big toe turns inward towards the other toes due to a bony bump that develops at the base of the big toe in this disease. Bunions can be painful, uncomfortable, and make it hard to move or put on shoes.
The exact cause of foot bunions is unknown, but factors that can contribute to their development include genetics, tight footwear, foot injuries, and arthritis. Genetics can play a role in foot bunions running in families. In addition, wearing shoes that are too tight or too narrow can put pressure on the toes and cause bunions to develop. Moreover, Foot injuries such as sprains or fractures can alter the alignment of the foot, leading to the development of bunions and lastly, Arthritis can damage the joints in the foot, contributing to bunion development.
The severity of the problem affects how foot bunions are treated. While less severe instances might benefit from non-surgical treatment, more serious ones might need surgery. Typical forms of treatment include:
Custom Made Orthotics: Specially designed shoe inserts can help to correct foot alignment and lessen pressure on the afflicted region. People with flat feet or elevated arches may find these to be especially beneficial.
Wearing wider shoes: Changing to shoes with a wider toe box can assist in easing discomfort and reducing strain on the toes. It’s crucial to pick shoes that fit correctly and are comfortable; high heels should be avoided.
Medication: Over-the-counter pain relievers can assist with the swelling and pain management and your doctor might suggest topical lotions or ointments to ease the pain.
Physical therapy: To assist with pain relief and better foot alignment, your doctor might suggest stretches or exercises.
If you have foot pain or discomfort, it’s essential to see a doctor or podiatrist. They can help you select the best course of action for your unique needs. To prevent the onset of foot bunions, you should also regularly stretch your toes and feet and wear comfortable shoes.
By: Fargol Sattarian,
Personal Trainer & Kinesiologist
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